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“More than simply a textbook or compilation, this volume is nothing short of a handbook for a young and vigorous branch of biology. Authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date, it will be an essential book for student and expert alike. Muehlenbein and his contributors have defined human evolutionary biology for the next decade.”                       PETER T. ELLISON, Harvard University

“The chapters in this volume provide up-to-date coverage of topics important for evolutionary medicine, and not available elsewhere. Beginners will value their clarity, advanced readers will appreciate the differing perspectives and opinions of individual scientists that reflect the complexity and diversity of the field.”                                   RANDALL M. NESSE, University of Michigan

“In this extraordinary volume, a lineup of many of the very best experts the field has to offer guides us through the journey taken thus far and characterizes, in both broad strokes and intricate details within their specialties, where we stand. As heartily, our guides offer principled visions of what lies ahead, as well as how our travels might proceed to get there. The result is a timely collection that inspires as much as it impresses – and it impresses mightily. I recommend the volume to students of human evolutionary biology at all levels.”         STEVEN W. GANGESTAD, University of New Mexico

Contents
Part I Theory and Methods
1 Evolutionary Theory
Douglas J. Futuyma
2 The Study of Human Adaptation
A. Roberto Frisancho
3 History of the Study of Human Biology
Michael A. Little
4 Genetics in Human Biology
Robert J. Meier and Jennifer A. Raff
5 Demography
James Holland Jones
6 History, Methods, and General Applications of Anthropometry in Human Biology
Noel Cameron and Laura L. Jones
7 Energy Expenditure and Body Composition: History, Methods, and Inter-relationships
Peter S. W. Davies and Alexia J. Murphy
8 Evolutionary Endocrinology
Richard G. Bribiescas and Michael P. Muehlenbein
9 Ethical Considerations for Human Biology Research
Trudy R. Turner
Commentary: a Primer on Human Subjects Applications and Informed Consents
Michael P. Muehlenbein
Part II Phenotypic and Genotypic Variation
10 Body Size and Shape: Climatic and Nutritional Influences on Human Body Morphology
William R. Leonard and Peter T. Katzmarzyk
11 Human Adaptation to High Altitude
Tom D. Brutsaert
12 Skin Coloration
Nina G. Jablonski
13 Classic Markers of Human Variation
Robert J. Meier
14 DNA Markers of Human Variation
Michael E. Steiper
15 Ten Facts about Human Variation
Jonathan Marks
16 The Evolution and Endocrinology of Human Behavior: a Focus on Sex Differences and Reproduction
Peter B. Gray
Part III Reproduction
17 Human Mate Choice
David P. Schmitt
18 Mate Choice, the Major Histocompatibility Complex, and Offspring Viability
Claus Wedekind and Guillaume Evanno
19 Why Women Differ in Ovarian Function: Genetic Polymorphism, Developmental Conditions, and Adult Lifestyle
Grazyna Jasienska
20 Pregnancy and Lactation
Ivy L. Pike and Lauren A. Milligan
21 Male Reproduction: Physiology, Behavior, and Ecology
Michael P. Muehlenbein and Richard G. Bribiescas
Part IV Growth and Development
22 Evolution of Human Growth
Barry Bogin
23 Variation in Human Growth Patterns due to Environmental Factors
Stanley J. Ulijaszek
24 Evolutionary Biology of Hormonal Responses to Social Challenges in the Human Child
Mark V. Flinn
25 Human Biology, Energetics, and the Human Brain
Benjamin C. Campbell
26 Embodied Capital and Extra-somatic Wealth in Human Evolution and Human History
Jane B. Lancaster and Hillard S. Kaplan
Part V Health and Disease
27 Evolutionary Medicine, Immunity, and Infectious Disease
Michael P. Muehlenbein
28 Complex Chronic Diseases in Evolutionary Perspective
S. Boyd Eaton
29 Evolutionary Medicine and the Causes of Chronic Disease
Paul W. Ewald
30 Beyond Feast-Famine: Brain Evolution, Human Life History, and the Metabolic Syndrome
Christopher W. Kuzawa
31 Human Longevity and Senescence
Douglas E. Crews and James A. Stewart
32 Evolutionary Psychiatry: Mental Disorders and Behavioral Evolution
Brant Wenegrat
33 Industrial Pollutants and Human Evolution
Lawrence M. Schell
34 Acculturation and Health
Thomas W. McDade and Colleen H. Nyberg